Skip Top nav bar link group topnav end piece go to business section go to education section go to history section go to gallery section go to news section go to organizations section go to research section go to search engine go to site index topnav end piece
NASA Meatball NASA Dryden X-1B banner
X-1B Aircraft Cockpit and Instrument Panel X-1B Aircraft Cockpit and Instrument Panel

Photo Number: E-02256
Photo Date: 1956

Formats: 362x480 JPEG Image (66 KBytes)
773x1024 JPEG Image (364 KBytes)
1600x2120 JPEG Image (852 KBytes)

Photo
Description:
The instrument panel of the Bell Aircraft Corporation X-1B was quite conventional in appearance and fairly typical of 1950s vintage research aircraft. Primary flight instrumentation was centrally mounted, with propulsion system and test equipment switches and instruments scattered throughout available space. Foot pedals and a center stick with no side controls were all part of the package in the cockpit. NACA High-Speed Flight Station technicians maintained the instrumentation in the aircraft.

Project
Description:
The Bell X-1B was a second-generation X-1 used by the U.S. Air Force for pilot familiarization before being turned over to NACA in December 1954. The X-1B had a modified fuselage with greater capacity for fuel tanks, an improved cockpit, and a turbopump fuel system as compared with the X-1. The NACA used the X-1B primarily for aerodynamic heating and reaction-control research from 1956 to 1958.

The aircraft was fitted with special instrumentation for exploratory aerodynamic heating tests. It had over 300 thermocouples installed on it. The X-1B was the first aircraft to fly with a reaction-control system; a prototype of the reaction-control system used on the X-15 and other piloted test aircraft.

The X-1B was given to the Air Force Museum at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base Dayton, Ohio, on January 27, 1959, for preservation and display. This aircraft completed a total of 27 glide and powered flights by eight U.S. Air Force and two NACA test pilots. Second-generation X-1 aircraft were 35.8 feet long and had a wingspan of approximately 28 feet.


NASA Photo by: NACA/NASA

Keywords: X-1B; Bell Aircraft Company; NACA; U.S. Air Force; Air Force Museum; Wright-Patterson Air Force Base; heating research; reaction controls; NACA High-Speed Flight Station


Last Modified: February 6, 2002
Responsible NASA Official: Marty Curry
Curator: PAO Webmasters

NASA Website Privacy Statement